alexa Selenium status, pregnancy outcomes, and mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Kupka R, Garland M, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Hunter D, , Kupka R, Garland M, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Hunter D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Among HIV-infected pregnant women, low selenium status may increase risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV and poor pregnancy outcomes (low birthweight, small for gestational age, preterm birth, and fetal death) through several mechanisms, such as by promoting maternal HIV disease progression, viral shedding in the genital tract, and development of mastitis. However, there is no direct epidemiologic evidence on these relations among HIV-infected pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between selenium status during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, MTCT of HIV, and child mortality. DESIGN: Baseline plasma selenium measurements from HIV-positive pregnant women (n = 670) were obtained between 12-27 weeks of gestation and mother-child pairs were followed prospectively until 24 months after delivery. RESULTS: Low plasma selenium levels were associated with increased risks of fetal death, child death, and HIV transmission through the intrapartum route. Low selenium status was not associated with risks of low birthweight or preterm birth but was associated with an apparently lower risk of small for gestational age. CONCLUSION: Adequate selenium status may be beneficial for some but not all pregnancy outcomes. Further studies are needed to better understand the role of selenium status in pregnancy outcomes, HIV transmission, and child health.
This article was published in J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version