alexa Self-efficacy and emotional adjustment as precursors of smoking in early adolescence.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Advances in Recycling & Waste Management

Author(s): Engels RC, Hale WW rd, Noom M, De Vries H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the associations between self-efficacy, emotional adjustment, and smoking in a large sample of early adolescents cross-sectionally and short-term longitudinally. A prospective sample was used consisting of 1861 12-13-year-olds at 11 secondary schools. Questionnaires were administered at baseline and at a follow-up 6 months after the baseline assessment. Findings showed that higher depressive mood, low self-esteem, and low self-efficacy appeared to be related to enhanced levels of smoking in cross-sectional analyses. Short-term longitudinal analyses indicated that depressive mood and self-esteem were only related to the onset of smoking in girls. In three out of four cross-sectional analyses, self-efficacy x emotional adjustment interactions revealed that in particular adolescents with low levels of self-efficacy and low levels of emotional adjustment are likely to smoke.
This article was published in Subst Use Misuse and referenced in Advances in Recycling & Waste Management

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Seema Narayan
    A comparative study of the link between real exchange rate of ASEAN countries and fossil fuel prices
    PDF Version
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords