Author(s): Salom GM, Maria de Souza Pellegrino, Blanes L, Ferreira LM
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Abstract AIM: To evaluate self-esteem in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) and foot ulcers. METHODS: This was a controlled, cross-sectional, analytical study. We selected 50 individuals with DM and foot ulcers (study group), as well as 50 with DM and without foot ulcers (control group). Self-esteem was evaluated using the Federal University of São Paulo/Paulista School of Medicine Portuguese-language version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, on which scores range from 0 to 30, higher scores indicating lower self-esteem. RESULTS: Of the individuals evaluated, 27 (54\%) of those in the study group and 31 (62\%) of those in the control group were classified as being of low socioeconomic status (monthly income at or above, but less than double, the national minimum wage). In addition, 27 (54\%) of the study group patients had type 2 DM, compared with 29 (58\%) of those in the control group. Hypertension was observed in 31 (62\%) of the study group patients and 29 (58\%) of the control group patients. Of the patients in the study group, 33 (66\%) had been diagnosed with heart disease, compared with 23 (46\%) of those in the control group. High Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale scores (21-30) were more common in the study group, being observed in 30 (60\%) of the patients, whereas 33 (66\%) of the control group patients had low scores (0-10). CONCLUSION: Foot ulcers appear to have a negative impact on the self-esteem of patients with DM. Copyright © 2010 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Tissue Viability
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering