Author(s): Gilbert P, McEwan K, Irons C, Bhundia R, Christie R,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study explored the relationship of forms and functions of self-criticism, shame, and social rank variables to self-harm, depression, and anxiety. DESIGN: The study used a questionnaire design. METHOD: In-patients and day-patients (N=73) completed a series of questionnaires measuring self-harm, mood, self-criticism, shame, and social comparison. RESULTS: Self-harm was significantly associated with forms and functions of self-criticism, shame, and feelings of inferiority (low social rank). The self-persecuting function of self-criticism was especially linked to self-harm, depression, and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds to a growing literature on the importance of recognizing the pathogenic effects of negative self-critical thoughts and feelings about the self and the value of distinguishing different types of self-criticism.
This article was published in Br J Clin Psychol
and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy