Author(s): Fredman G, Li Y, Dalli J, Chiang N, Serhan CN
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Abstract Mechanisms underlying delays in resolution programs of inflammation are of interest for many diseases. Here, we addressed delayed resolution of inflammation and identified specific microRNA (miR)-metabolipidomic signatures. Delayed resolution initiated by high-dose challenges decreased miR-219-5p expression along with increased leukotriene B(4) (5-fold) and decreased (~3-fold) specialized pro-resolving mediators, e.g. protectin D1. Resolvin (Rv)E1 and RvD1 (1 nM) reduced miR-219-5p in human macrophages, not shared by RvD2 or PD1. Since mature miR-219-5p is produced from pre-miRs miR-219-1 and miR-219-2, we co-expressed in human macrophages a 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) 3'UTR-luciferase reporter vector together with either miR-219-1 or miR-219-2. Only miR-219-2 reduced luciferase activity. Apoptotic neutrophils administered into inflamed exudates in vivo increased miR-219-2-3p expression and PD1/NPD1 levels as well as decreased leukotriene B(4). These results demonstrate that delayed resolution undermines endogenous resolution programs, altering miR-219-2 expression, increasing pro-inflammatory mediators and compromising SPM production that contribute to failed catabasis and homeostasis.
This article was published in Sci Rep
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research