Author(s): Yao Y, Ohko Y, Sekiguchi Y, Fujishima A, Kubota Y
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Abstract Ag/titanium dioxide (TiO(2))-coated silicon catheters were easily fabricated with Ag nanoparticles deposition on both the inside wall and the outside wall of TiO(2)-coated catheters by TiO(2) photocatalysis. This is an application of the silicon catheters coated with TiO(2), which possess a self-sterilizing and self-cleaning property combining with UV light illumination (Ohko et al., J Biomed Mater Res: Appl Biomater 2001;58:97). Ag/TiO(2)-coated silicon catheters exhibited a strong bactericidal effect even in the dark. When the 2-5 x 10(5) of colony-forming units of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Staphylococcus aureus were respectively applied to the surface of the Ag/TiO(2) catheters, which were loaded with approximately 15 nmol cm(-2) of Ag, 99\% effective sterilization occurred in a very short time: 20 min for E. coli, 60 min for P. aeruginosa, and 90 min for S. aureus. Additionally, the Ag/TiO(2)-coated catheters possessed a strong self-cleaning property. Using UV illumination, the photocatalytic decomposition rate of methylene blue dye representing the self-cleaning capability, on an Ag/TiO(2) catheter which was loaded with 2 nmol cm(-2) of Ag, was approximately 1.2 times higher (at maximum) than that on TiO(2) coating alone. Furthermore, the Ag nanoparticles can be pre-eminently and uniformly deposited onto the TiO(2) coating, and the amount of Ag was easily controllable from a few nanomoles per square centimeter to approximately 70 nmol cm(-2) by changing the UV illumination time for TiO(2) photocatalysis. This type of catheter shows a great promise in lowering the incidence of catheter-related bacterial infections. Copyright 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater
and referenced in Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis