alexa Senescence is an endogenous trigger for microRNA-directed transcriptional gene silencing in human cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Cancer Surgery

Author(s): Benhamed M, Herbig U, Ye T, Dejean A, Bischof O, Benhamed M, Herbig U, Ye T, Dejean A, Bischof O

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Abstract Cellular senescence is a tumour-suppressor mechanism that is triggered by cancer-initiating or promoting events in mammalian cells. The molecular underpinnings for this stable arrest involve transcriptional repression of proliferation-promoting genes regulated by the retinoblastoma (RB1)/E2F repressor complex. Here, we demonstrate that AGO2, RB1 and microRNAs (miRNAs), as exemplified here by let-7, physically and functionally interact to repress RB1/E2F-target genes in senescence, a process that we call senescence-associated transcriptional gene silencing (SA-TGS). Herein, AGO2 acts as the effector protein for let-7-directed implementation of silent-state chromatin modifications at target promoters, and inhibition of the let-7/AGO2 effector complex perturbs the timely execution of senescence. Thus, we identify cellular senescence as the an endogenous signal of miRNA/AGO2-mediated TGS in human cells. Our results suggest that miRNA/AGO2-mediated SA-TGS may contribute to tumour suppression by stably repressing proliferation-promoting genes in premalignant cancer cells. This article was published in Nat Cell Biol and referenced in Cancer Surgery

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