Author(s): Silva LM, Schalock M
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Abstract Sensory and self-regulatory symptoms make up most of the comorbid symptoms in autism and are associated with increased autism severity. We validated a parent-caregiver measure of comorbid symptoms in autism, the Sense and Self-Regulation Checklist (SSC), in 265 children <6 yr with typical development (n = 138), autism (n = 99), or other developmental delay (n = 28); Cronbach's α was .87. We report two new findings discriminating autism from other groups: (1) multifocal tactile sensory impairment, characterized by hyporeactivity to injurious stimuli and hyperreactivity to noninjurious stimuli (F[2, 262] = 86.8, p < .001) and (2) global self-regulatory delay (F[2, 262] = 122, p < .001). Both findings suggest an explanation for social delay in children with autism. The SSC reports a prevalence of sensory and self-regulatory findings approaching 100\% in the autism group (96\% and 98\%, respectively), raising the possibility that sensory and self-regulatory difficulties represent a core part of autism. Copyright © 2012 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
This article was published in Am J Occup Ther
and referenced in Alternative & Integrative Medicine