alexa Sense organs of monogenean skin parasites ending in a typical cilium
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): Kathleen M Lyons

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Single receptors seen with the electron microscope to consist of a terminal cilium embedded in a nerve bulb have been found in the skin parasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus sp., adult and larval Entobdella soleae, Leptocotyle minor (adult) and in the endoparasitic juvenile of Amphibdella flaviolineata. Their distribution in Gyrodactylus sp. has been mapped using phase-contrast microscopy, and staining with the indoxyl acetate method for non-specific esterases revealed a nervous connexion between the lateral ventral nerve cord and the ‘tangoreceptor’. The general relationships of the nervous system in Gyrodactylus were investigated by staining with the thiocholine method for cholinesterase. The ‘sensory’ neurone contains vesicles, microtubules and mitochondria and the whole nerve bulb is sealed into the epidermis by means of septate desmosomes. The basal body of the cilium is not greatly modified and there is no obvious rootlet system. The terminal cilium of single receptors in Entobdella soleae has a 9 + 2 structure. A compound sense organ from the head of Entobdella soleae has also been described. The significance of the fibre arrangement in the terminal cilia and the possible roles of these sense organs have been discussed.

This article was published in Parasitology and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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