alexa Sensitive determination of clarithromycin in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Amini H, Ahmadiani A

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Abstract A rapid, selective and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method with spectrophotometric detection was developed for the determination of clarithromycin in human plasma. Liquid-liquid extraction of clarithromycin and norverapamil (as internal standard) from plasma samples was performed with n-hexane/1-butanol (98:2, v/v) in alkaline condition followed by back-extraction into diluted acetic acid. Chromatography was carried out using a CN column (250 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 microm) under isocratic elution with acetonitrile-50 mM aqueous sodium dihydrogen phosphate (32:68, v/v), pH 4.5. Detection was made at 205 nm and analyses were run at a flow-rate of 1.0 ml/min at 40 degrees C. The analysis time was less than 11 min. The method was specific and sensitive with a quantification limit of 31.25 ng/ml and a detection limit of 10 ng/ml in plasma. The mean absolute recovery of clarithromycin from plasma was 95.9\%, while the intra- and inter-day coefficient of variation and percent error values of the assay method were all less than 9.5\%. Linearity was assessed in the range of 31.25-2000 ng/ml in plasma with a correlation coefficient of greater than 0.999. The method was used to analyze several hundred human plasma samples for bioavailability studies. This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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