Author(s): Waddell PA, Gronwall DM
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Abstract 9 consecutively referred closed head injury (CHI) patients were assessed for sensitivity to light and sound stimuli, within 7-19 days of injury, on both objective and subjective measures. Patients were matched with controls on age, sex, race, socio-economic status and order of test administration. The mean luminance (1366 lux) tolerated by CHI patients was significantly lower (0.01 level by Student's t-test for related samples) than that tolerated by controls (1783 lux). The mean sound intensity tolerated by CHI patients was also lower (82 db) than for controls (94 db), though this difference was not statistically significant. Subjective ratings of sensitivity made by CHI patients after exposure to intense sound and light stimuli, showed no relationship to objective ratings of tolerance. The results demonstrate an objective basis for complaints of increased sensitivity, at least to light, following CHI. These findings do not support earlier "psychogenic" explanations of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) etiology.
This article was published in Acta Neurol Scand
and referenced in Optometry: Open Access