Author(s): Greenspan JS, Greenspan JS
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Abstract A large number of studies attest to the frequency of oral disease in those with HIV infection. Most show that hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis are the commonest lesions in those with HIV infection and AIDS, with higher prevalence and incidence rates correlating with falling CD4 counts and disease progression. HIV-infected individuals with oral candidiasis or hairy leukoplakia progress to AIDS more rapidly than matched controls without these lesions. Oral candidiasis and hairy leukoplakia increase with time since seroconversion. On the other hand, parotid enlargement in children appears to be associated with slower progression to AIDS. As a consequence of these and other observations, oral lesions are widely included in natural history studies, staging and classification schemes for HIV infection. In addition to their role in the diagnosis of HIV infection and as indicators of the progression of HIV disease, oral lesions are used as clinical correlates of CD4 counts and as criteria for entry into clinical trials.
This article was published in Oral Dis
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research