alexa Separation of the voriconazole stereoisomers by capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Owens PK, Fell AF, Coleman MW, Berridge JC

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Abstract A chiral capillary electrophoresis (CE) method has been developed for the direct separation of the four stereoisomers of a new broad spectrum antifungal agent, voriconazole. Cyclodextrin (CD) modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography employing, alpha-CD, beta-CD, gamma-CD, hydroxypropyl-beta-CD and hydroxyethyl-beta-CD was not sufficiently selective for the four neutral stereoisomers. Three anionic sulphobutyl-ether-beta-CD (SBE-beta-CD) electrolyte additives, each having a defined degree of substitution (DS) (6.5, 4.5 and 1.0) were subsequently examined. The complete CE separation of all four stereoisomers was obtained when using the medium substituted additive DS = 4.5. In liquid chromatography (LC), two approaches were examined for the direct chiral separation of the stereoisomers of voriconazole: (a) use of the neutral and anionic CD mobile phase additives and (b) a vancomycin chiral stationary phase. The CD additives were shown to be extremely selective for two stereoisomers of voriconazole (active drug and its enantiomer) but unable to discriminate between the opposite two stereoisomers. The converse was observed, however, when the vancomycin chiral stationary phase was employed.
This article was published in Enantiomer and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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