alexa Sepsis-induced changes in macrophage co-stimulatory molecule expression: CD86 as a regulator of anti-inflammatory IL-10 response.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Newton S, Ding Y, Chung CS

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND: Sepsis remains a substantial risk after surgery or other trauma. Macrophage dysfunction, as a component of immune suppression seen during trauma and sepsis, appears to be one of the contributing factors to morbidity and mortality. However, whereas it is known that the ability of macrophages to present antigen and express major histocompatibility complex MHC class II molecules is decreased during sepsis, it is not known to what extent this is associated with the loss of co-stimulatory receptor expression. Our objectives in this study were, therefore, to determine if the expression of co-stimulatory molecules, such as CD40, CD80, or CD86, on peritoneal/splenic/liver macrophages were altered by sepsis (cecal ligation [CL] and puncture [CLP] or necrotic tissue injury (CL) alone; and to establish the contribution of such changes to the response to septic challenge using mice that are deficient in these receptors. METHODS: To address our first objective, male C3H/HeN mice were subjected to CLP, CL, or sham (n = four to six mice/group), and the adherent macrophages were isolated from the peritoneum, spleen, or liver at 24 h post-insult. The macrophages were then analyzed by flow cytometry for their ex vivo expression of CD40, CD80, CD86, and/or MHC II. RESULTS: The expression of CD86 and MHC II, but not CD40 or CD80, were significantly decreased on peritoneal macrophages after the onset of sepsis or CL alone. In addition, CD40 expression was significantly increased in Kupffer cells after sepsis. Alternatively, splenic macrophages from septic or CL mice did not show changes in the expression of CD80, CD86, or CD40. To the degree that the loss of CD86 expression might contribute to the changes reported in macrophage function in septic mice, we subsequently examined the effects of CLP on CD86 -/- mice. Interestingly, we found that, unlike the background controls, neither the serum IL-10 concentrations nor the IL-10 release capacity of peritoneal macrophages from septic CD86 -/- mice were increased. CONCLUSION: Together, these data suggest a potential role for the co-stimulatory receptor CD86/B7-2 beyond that of simply promoting competent antigen presentation to T-cells, but also as a regulator of the anti-inflammatory IL-10 response. Such a role may implicate the latter response in the development of sepsis-induced immune dysfunction

This article was published in Surg Infect (Larchmt). and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd International Conference on Transcriptomics
    October 30 - November 01, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]om

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords