Author(s): Klabunde T, Giegerich C, Evers A
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Abstract G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise a large protein family of significant past and current interest of pharmaceutical research. X-ray crystallography and molecular modeling combined with site-directed mutagenesis studies suggest that most family A GPCRs share a small-molecule binding site located in the outer part of the seven-transmembrane (7TM) bundle. Here we describe an automated method to derive sequence-derived three-dimensional (3D) pharmacophore models capturing the key elements for addressing this binding site by a small-molecule ligand. We have generated structure-based pharmacophore models from 10 homology models and 3 X-ray structures of receptor-ligand complexes. These 13 pharmacophores have been dissected into 35 different single-feature pharmacophore elements, each associated with a sequence motif or chemoprint, describing its molecular interaction partner(s) in the receptor. Subsequently, the protein sequences of 270 GPCRs have been searched for the presence of chemoprints and the appropriate single-feature pharmacophores have been assembled into three- to seven-feature 3D-pharmacophore models for each human family A GPCR. These models can be applied for virtual screening and for the design of subfamily directed libraries. A case study demonstrates the successful application of this approach for the identification of potent agonists for the complement component 3a receptor 1 (C3AR1) by virtual screening.
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis