Author(s): Everard CO, FraserChanpong GM, James AC, Butcher LV
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Abstract Sera from 1,206 livestock animals and chickens on Grenada and Trinidad were tested for leptospiral antibodies by the microscopic agglutination test. 376 of the sera were positive (25\% of those tested on Grenada and 44\% on Trinidad). The positive sera were obtained from 25\% of 324 cattle, 35\% of 130 pigs, 35\% of 146 sheep, 25\% of 44 goats and 11\% of 175 chickens on Grenada; and 92\% of 26 cattle, 53\% of 122 pigs, 76\% of 87 horses and donkeys and 11\% of 144 chickens on Trinidad. Eight sera from ducks and geese on Trinidad were tested and found to be negative. The serogroups most commonly found to react with the sera of the Grenadian animals were Autumnalis, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Hebdomadis and the related serogroups Sejroe and Mini, and Pyrogenes; in the Trinidadian animals they were Icterohaemorrhagiae, Autumnalis, Hebdomadis and its related serogroups, and Panama. Strains of serogroup Pomona do not appear to have become established as livestock pathogens on the islands.
This article was published in Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg
and referenced in Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change