alexa Serosal inflammation (pleural and pericardial effusions) related to tyrosine kinase inhibitors.


Journal of Leukemia

Author(s): Kelly K, Swords R, Mahalingam D, Padmanabhan S, Giles FJ

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Abstract Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have dramatically changed the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and are increasingly used in other malignancies. Despite the apparent selectivity of these agents significant side effects can occur mainly due to off target kinase inhibition. Clinical consequences of serosal inflammation, including pleural and pericardial effusions, have emerged as a frequent adverse event associated with dasatinib while occurring much less frequently during imatinib and nilotinib therapy. The pathogenesis is uncertain but may involve inhibition of platelet derived growth factor or expansion of cytotoxic T and natural killer cells. The development of serosal inflammation with dasatinib poses a significant challenge to physicians, as it cannot be predicted, the time of onset is variable, and management frequently requires repeat invasive procedures. This article was published in Target Oncol and referenced in Journal of Leukemia

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