Author(s): Liang B, Moussaif M, Kuan CJ, Gargus JJ, Sze JY
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Abstract Stress response is a fundamental form of behavioral and physiological plasticity. Here we describe how serotonin (5HT) governs stress behavior by regulating DAF-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor signaling to the DAF-16/FOXO transcription factor at the nexus of development, metabolism, immunity, and stress responses in C. elegans. Serotonin-deficient tph-1 mutants, like daf-2 mutants, exhibit DAF-16 nuclear accumulation and constitutive physiological stress states. Exogenous 5HT and fluoxetine (Prozac) prevented DAF-16 nuclear accumulation in wild-type animals under stresses. Genetic analyses imply that DAF-2 is a downstream target of 5HT signaling and that distinct serotonergic neurons act through distinct 5HT receptors to influence distinct DAF-16-mediated stress responses. We suggest that modulation of FOXO by 5HT represents an ancient feature of stress physiology and that the C. elegans is a genetically tractable model that can be used to delineate the molecular mechanisms and drug actions linking 5HT, neuroendocrine signaling, immunity, and mitochondrial function.
This article was published in Cell Metab
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research