Author(s): Trivedi P, Cheeseman P, Mowat AP
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Abstract We have established reference ranges for the concentrations of hyaluronic acid in serum from 397 infants and children and measured serum hyaluronic acid at presentation and 1 year follow-up in 37 infants who presented with hepatobiliary disease in the first 6 months of life. In health, hyaluronic acid concentrations fell progressively from median (10-90 percentile) values of 93 micrograms/l (49-153) at 1-3 months of age to 20 micrograms/l (9-40) at 2-3 years and 16 micrograms/l (6-32) at 4-18 years. In patients at presentation, the hyaluronic acid concentration was raised in 11 of 15 with biliary atresia, 6 of 11 with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and 6 of 11 with cryptogenic hepatitis of infancy. One year later, the 9 patients who developed progressive liver disease showed 2-6-fold increases in hyaluronic acid concentration while no increase was observed in the 28 with undetectable or mild disease. Increases in serum hyaluronic acid concentration appeared to be a better indicator of progressive liver disease in infancy than standard laboratory tests.
This article was published in Clin Chim Acta
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology