Author(s): Deguchi T, Hashiguchi T, Horinouchi S, Uto T, Oku H,
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Abstract AIM: To identify the relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty diabetic patients participated, 113 with DPN and 107 without DPN. All patients were also classified according to the four stages of DPN (no neuropathy: stage 0; asymptomatic neuropathy: stage 1; symptomatic neuropathy: stage 2; disabling neuropathy: stage 3). Serum VEGF concentration was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and levels between the patients with and without DPN and also between the different stages of DPN, were compared. RESULTS: The mean serum VEGF level in all patients was 264.6 +/- 218.8 pg/ml. The mean serum VEGF level was higher in patients with DPN (310.1 +/- 224.3 pg/ml) than in the patients without DPN (216.5 +/- 204.0 pg/ml, P = 0.0014). Serum VEGF was higher in the 'symptomatic' stage (stage 2, 364.8 +/- 225.9 pg/ml) in comparison with the 'asymptomatic' (stage 1, 256.7 +/- 224.4 pg/ml, P = 0.015) and 'disabling' (stage 3, 180.3 +/- 109.4 pg/ml, P = 0.042) stages. The mean serum VEGF level in patients with diabetic retinopathy (261.1 +/- 210.6 pg/ml) and in patients with diabetic nephropathy (241.5 +/- 185.7 pg/ml) was not increased. CONCLUSIONS: The serum VEGF level is increased in patients with DPN, particularly in patients in the neurologically active 'symptomatic' stage.
This article was published in Diabet Med
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism