Author(s): Sampath TK, Simic P, Moreno S, Bukanov N, Draca N,
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Abstract Sevelamer hydrochloride, a noncalcium phosphate binder, has been shown to reduce coronary artery and aortic calcification, and to improve trabecular bone mineral density in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease. Here, we examined whether sevelamer given orally for 12 wk with normal food could restore bone volume (BV) and strength in aged ovariectomized (OVX) rats starting at 4 wk after OVX. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, microcomputerized tomography, and bone histomorphometry analyses showed that OVX animals receiving sevelamer had increased trabecular BV (51\%), trabecular number (43\%), trabecular thickness (9\%), cortical thickness (16\%), mineral apposition rate (103\%), bone formation rate (25\%), and enhanced cortical and trabecular bone mechanical strength as compared with OVX rats. Sevelamer decreased collagen C telopeptide, increased osteocalcin levels, and decreased phosphate and magnesium levels without affecting calcium levels in the blood. Although sevelamer was not absorbed systemically, it stimulated osteoblast differentiation in BM-derived mesenchymal stem cell cultures, as evaluated by alkaline phosphatase positive colony-forming units, and inhibited recombinant human soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand-induced osteoclast differentiation, as evaluated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase positive cells in bone mineral-hematopoietic stem cell cultures. Surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis revealed that 69 proteins were differently expressed after OVX, of which 30\% (20 of 69) were reversed to sham activity after sevelamer intake. PTH, fibroblast growth factor-23, and cytokine profile in serum were not significantly changed. Together, these results suggest that sevelamer in food increases the BV and improves biomechanical properties of bone in OVX rats.
This article was published in Endocrinology
and referenced in Vitamins & Minerals