Author(s): Prancheva MG, Krasteva SA, Tufkova SG, Karaivanova TP, Nizamova VV,
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Abstract Disulfiram (tetraethylthiuram disulfide) has been used for almost 60 years in the treatment of alcohol addiction. It causes aversive behavior due to disulfiram-ethanol reaction (DER). The classical DER includes flush, sweating, tremor, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, moderate decrease in blood pressure and restlessness. Complete recovery is the usual outcome in clinical settings. Life-threatening reactions are rare but sometimes occur. We present a case of a 53-year-old man developing severe hypotension and ischemic stroke as a result of disulfiram treatment and ethanol intake. Use of adrenalin as a drug of choice in this critical condition, together with other therapeutic approaches led to stabilization of hemodynamics and reversal of neurological symptoms. Our case had a favorable outcome, but it should be remembered that patients unable to comply to the strong restrictions in treatment for alcohol rejection are not eligible for this therapeutic modality used in the management of alcohol dependency.
This article was published in Folia Med (Plovdiv)
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology