Author(s): Stark AN, Jackson G, Carey PJ, Arfeen S, Proctor SJ
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Abstract Methotrexate (MTX) is a drug widely used in the treatment of patients with malignant disease. Its well-known side effects include myelosuppression, mucositis and renal damage. These problems are primarily dose-related, tending to occur more frequently when high doses (greater than 1 g/m2) are given. We present four cases in whom severe renal and mucosal toxicity occurred with intermediate doses (200 mg/m2) of MTX despite folinic acid rescue. Possible reasons for this occurrence are discussed and means of avoiding such toxicity are suggested. Three of four patients developed severe loin pain within a few hours of injection; the significance of this symptom in relation to subsequent renal toxicity has implications for early recognition of the problem.
This article was published in Cancer Chemother Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Kidney