alexa Sex differences in pain and analgesia: the role of gonadal hormones.


Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

Author(s): Craft RM, Mogil JS, Aloisi AM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is now strong evidence for sex differences in pain and analgesia. These differences imply that gonadal steroid hormones such as estradiol and testosterone modulate sensitivity to pain and analgesia. The goal of this review is to present an overview of gonadal steroid modulation of pain and analgesia in animals and humans, and to describe mechanisms by which males' and females' biology may differentially predispose them to pain and to analgesic effects of drugs and stress. Evidence is presented to demonstrate that sex differences in pain and analgesia may be both quantitative and qualitative in nature. Current research suggests that sex-specific management of clinical pain will be a reality in the not-so-distant future. This article was published in Eur J Pain and referenced in Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Medicine
    August 03-04, 2017 San Francisco USA
  • 5th International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Research and Management
    September 04-05, 2017 London UK

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version