alexa Sex differentiation and pubertal development of gonads in the viviparous mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Cell & Developmental Biology

Author(s): Koya Y, Fujita A, Niki F, Ishihara E, Miyama H

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Abstract The ontogenetic development of gonads from embryo to adult was observed histologically in the viviparous teleost, Gambusia affinis. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) appeared in the subendodermal space of the embryo 14 days before birth, and then transferred to the dorsal mesentery to form paired genital ridges 12 days before birth. The PGCs proliferated in the genital ridge, forming gonadal primordia 10 days before birth. All gonadal primordia differentiated to the ovary containing oocytes 2 days before birth, but then redifferentiated to the ovary and testis just after birth. This indicates that the mosquitofish is a juvenile hermaphroditic species. The characteristics of gonadal sex differentiation just after birth were enlargement of the oocytes in females, and invasion of somatic cells from the hilar region to an inner portion of the gonad in males. The paired ovary fused at the basal area 5 days after birth, then on the ventral and dorsal portions, developing into a single ovary 10 days after birth. During this time a single ovarian cavity was formed on the dorsal portion of the ovary. The paired testes fused only at the basal area and became a single testis having two main lobes 10 days after birth. The oocytes gradually developed and began vitellogenesis 100 days after birth, but did not reach maturation until 110 days after birth. Spermatogenic cells formed cysts at 20 days, began meiosis at 70 days, and matured to form sperm balls 90 days after birth. The male fish sexually matured earlier than the female. This article was published in Zoolog Sci and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology

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