alexa Sex steroid ablation enhances lymphoid recovery following autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Goldberg GL, Sutherland JS, Hammet MV, Milton MK, Heng TS,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) patients experience long-term immunosuppression, which increases susceptibility to infection and relapse rates due to minimal residual disease (MRD). Sex steroid (SS) ablation is known to reverse age-related thymic atrophy and decline in B-cell production METHODS: This study used a congenic HSCT mouse model to analyze the effects of SS ablation (through surgical castration) on immune reconstitution and growth factor production following auto-HSCT. Bone marrow (BM) and thymic stromal cell (TSCs) populations were analyzed using RT-PCR and were tested for the production of growth factors previously implicated in immune reconstitution or age-relate immune degeneration RESULTS: Castration increased bone marrow (BM), thymic, and splenic cellularity following auto-HSCT. HSC number and common lymphoid precursor (CLP) frequency and number were increased in castrated mice. B cell precursor numbers were also significantly increased in the BM of these mice. Triple negative, double positive and single positive thymocytes were increased following HSCT and castration, as were thymic dendritic cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells. This enhanced lymphoid reconstitution of the primary immune organs leads to a significant increase in splenic T and B cells 42 days after HSCT. The molecular mechanisms behind the enhanced reconstitution were also studied. TGF-beta1 was decreased in castrated mice compared to sham-castrated controls in TSCs and BM cells. TSC production of IL-6 was also decreased in castrated mice CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that sex steroid ablation significantly enhances lymphopoiesis following auto-HSCT providing a new strategy for posttransplant immune reconstitution.
This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords