Author(s): Sunilkumar MM, Boston P, Rajagopal MR
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is a major concern for Indian men living with a spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVES: To examine the literature related to sexuality traumatic cord injury and its impact on sexual functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) 2000-2012, Medline 1989-2012, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) 1989-2012 and Google Scholar were the search engines used used for literature review. RESULTS: The search yielded a total of 457 articles and only 75 of them were found relevant. The minimum number of articles required to meet the inclusion criteria for this review was 25-30 articles. Out of the 75 articles, 33 were considered relevant or related to the topic of sexual functioning, spinal cord injury, and paraplegia. Six areas were identified: Sexual stigmatization, physiological barriers to sexual satisfaction, clinical aspects of sexual functioning, biomedical approaches to sexual dysfunction, partner satisfaction, and lack of accessibility to sexual education. CONCLUSION: Spinal cord injury and sexual functioning affects a large segment of the male Indian population, yet most current research focuses on quantitative measurement with the emphasis on ejaculatory dysfunction, orgasm impairment, incontinence, and other physiological dysfunction. Further research is needed to address the subjective accounts of patients themselves with respect to the emotional and social impact of sexual disability. This would help to identify the best possible outcomes for both treatment and rehabilitation.
This article was published in Indian J Palliat Care
and referenced in Journal of Spine