Author(s): Aggarwal B, Bhalla AK, Singh S
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Abstract This paper aimed to study sexual maturation of boys with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) during adolescence. This study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Center, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. A total of 70 boys (between 9 and 17 years of age) diagnosed as cases of JRA comprised the sample for this study. Every child was examined for the development of genitalia as per criteria given by Tanner (Growth at adolescence, 2nd edn, Blackwell, Oxford, 1962) at half-yearly age intervals. However, with regard to development of hair (pubic, axillary and facial) mere presence or absence was noted. Mean (±SD) age of attainment of different stages of genitalia development as well as for eruption of hair was ascertained amongst boys who entered puberty using conventional statistics. Initiation of genitalia development (i.e. appearance of G-2 stage) was earliest among boys with systemic onset JRA (10.8 ± 1.3 years). None of the boys with JRA could attain final stage (G-5) of genitalia development by the age of 17 years, as compared with normal Chandigarh boys who had attained this by 15.2 years. Age of appearance of axillary, pubic, and facial hair was also earlier in systemic onset type of disease as compared with those with pauciarticular and polyarticular JRA. The timing of initiation of sexual maturity in boys with different types of JRA remains variably affected, and appears to experience substantial delay in completion of puberty.
This article was published in Rheumatol Int
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies