alexa Short leucine-rich glycoproteins of the extracellular matrix display diverse patterns of complement interaction and activation.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Sjberg AP, Manderson GA, Mrgelin M, Day AJ, Heinegrd D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The extracellular matrix consists of structural macromolecules and other proteins with regulatory functions. An important family of the latter class of molecules found in most tissues is the small leucine-rich repeat proteins (SLRPs). We have previously shown that the SLRP fibromodulin binds directly to C1q and activates the classical pathway of complement. In the present study we further examine the interactions between SLRPs and complement. Osteoadherin, like fibromodulin, binds C1q and activates the classical pathway strongly while moderate activation is seen in the terminal pathway. This can be explained by the interaction of fibromodulin and osteoadherin with factor H, a major soluble inhibitor of complement. Also, chondroadherin was found to bind C1q and activate complement, albeit to a lesser extent. Chondroadherin also binds factor H. We confirm published data showing that biglycan and decorin bind C1q but do not activate complement. In this study a similar pattern is seen for lumican although its affinity for C1q is lower than for biglycan and decorin. Furthermore, using electron microscopy and radiolabeled SLRPs, we demonstrate two different classes of SLRP binding sites on C1q, to head and stalk respectively, where only binding to the head appears to be activating. We propose a role for SLRPs in the regulation of complement activation in diseases involving the extracellular matrix, particularly those characterized by chronic inflammation such as rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, osteoarthritis and chronic obstructive lung disease.
This article was published in Mol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]ine.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords