alexa Shortening infusion time for high-dose methotrexate alters antileukemic effects: a randomized prospective clinical trial.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Kidney

Author(s): Mikkelsen TS, Sparreboom A, Cheng C, Zhou Y, Boyett JM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: To determine whether shortening the infusion duration of high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX; 1 g/m(2)) affects the in vivo accumulation of active methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPG(1-7)) in leukemia cells and whether this differs among major acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) subtypes. METHODS: From June 2000 through October 2007, 356 children with ALL were randomly assigned to receive initial single-agent treatment with HDMTX (1 g/m(2)) as either a 24-hour infusion or a 4-hour infusion at two pediatric hospitals in the United States. The primary outcome measures were the accumulation of MTXPG(1-7) in leukemia cells and the antileukemic effects (eg, inhibition of de novo purine synthesis in bone marrow ALL cells, and decrease in circulating ALL cells). RESULTS: The 24-hour infusion resulted in significantly higher amounts of MTXPG(1-7) in bone marrow leukemia cells (median: 1,695 v 1,150 pmol/10(9) cells, P = .0059), and better antileukemic effects. The 24-hour infusion had the greatest effect on MTXPG(1-7) accumulation in hyperdiploid ALL (median: 3,919 v 2,417 pmol/10(9) cells, P = .0038); T-cell ALL exhibited smaller differences in MTXPG(1-7) but greater antileukemic effects with the longer infusion (median decrease in leukemia cells: 88.4\% v 51.8\%, P = .0075). In contrast, infusion duration had no significant impact on MTXPG(1-7) accumulation or antileukemic effects in ALL with the t(12;21)/(ETV6-RUNX1) chromosomal translocation. CONCLUSION: Shortening the infusion time of HDMTX reduces accumulation of active methotrexate in leukemia cells and decreases antileukemic effects, with differing consequences among major ALL subtypes.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol and referenced in Journal of Kidney

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    Oct 02-04, 2017, Barcelona, Spain
  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    Nov 02-03, 2017, Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords