Author(s): Mikkelsen TS, Sparreboom A, Cheng C, Zhou Y, Boyett JM,
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Abstract PURPOSE: To determine whether shortening the infusion duration of high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX; 1 g/m(2)) affects the in vivo accumulation of active methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPG(1-7)) in leukemia cells and whether this differs among major acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) subtypes. METHODS: From June 2000 through October 2007, 356 children with ALL were randomly assigned to receive initial single-agent treatment with HDMTX (1 g/m(2)) as either a 24-hour infusion or a 4-hour infusion at two pediatric hospitals in the United States. The primary outcome measures were the accumulation of MTXPG(1-7) in leukemia cells and the antileukemic effects (eg, inhibition of de novo purine synthesis in bone marrow ALL cells, and decrease in circulating ALL cells). RESULTS: The 24-hour infusion resulted in significantly higher amounts of MTXPG(1-7) in bone marrow leukemia cells (median: 1,695 v 1,150 pmol/10(9) cells, P = .0059), and better antileukemic effects. The 24-hour infusion had the greatest effect on MTXPG(1-7) accumulation in hyperdiploid ALL (median: 3,919 v 2,417 pmol/10(9) cells, P = .0038); T-cell ALL exhibited smaller differences in MTXPG(1-7) but greater antileukemic effects with the longer infusion (median decrease in leukemia cells: 88.4\% v 51.8\%, P = .0075). In contrast, infusion duration had no significant impact on MTXPG(1-7) accumulation or antileukemic effects in ALL with the t(12;21)/(ETV6-RUNX1) chromosomal translocation. CONCLUSION: Shortening the infusion time of HDMTX reduces accumulation of active methotrexate in leukemia cells and decreases antileukemic effects, with differing consequences among major ALL subtypes.
This article was published in J Clin Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Kidney