alexa Short-term dermal toxicity and mutagenicity of coal coprocessing products in the rat.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Chu I, Villeneuve DC, Secours VE, Otson R, Valli VE, Chu I, Villeneuve DC, Secours VE, Otson R, Valli VE, Chu I, Villeneuve DC, Secours VE, Otson R, Valli VE, Chu I, Villeneuve DC, Secours VE, Otson R, Valli VE

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Abstract The present study was conducted to determine the dermal toxicity of coal coprocessing products and to assess their potential health hazards. Groups of 10 male and 10 female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered dermally coal coprocessing products (light gas oil, LGO; heavy gas oil I, HGOI; heavy gas oil II, HGOII) at 1 g/kg body weight/d for 14 d. The control and positive control groups received normal saline and a coal liquefaction product (CLP) at the same dose level, respectively. Treatment with either the three fractions of coprocessing products or CLP caused decreased growth rate and food consumption in animals of both sexes. Liver enlargement occurred in groups treated with HGOI, HGOII, and CLP. Decreased serum glucose was observed in animals of both sexes treated with the three fractions and CLP. Treatment with HGOI and CLP caused an elevation of hepatic microsomal ethoxyresorufin deethylase activity in the rat of both sexes. The three fractions and CLP caused mild anemia. Mild treatment-related histological changes were observed in the liver, spleen, thyroid, bone marrow, and kidney. All three fractions of coprocessing products were tested for their mutagenicity in five strains of Salmonella typhimurium: TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA1537, and TA1538. HGOI, after metabolic activation, was found to be mutagenic in the strains of TA98, TA100, and TA1538. In contrast, HGOII was mutagenic in the five strains with or without metabolic activation. These data indicate that HGOI and HGOII are more toxic than LGO, and should be subjected to further studies to determine their long-term effects. This article was published in J Toxicol Environ Health and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

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