Author(s): Abu J, Davies Q, Ireland D
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Abstract This study was to determine the risk of finding significant cervical pathological abnormality in women referred to the colposcopy clinic primarily because of postcoital bleeding. We evaluated the cervical smear history of such women and correlated this with any colposcopic or pathological abnormality. There were 142 women seen over a period of 12 months. The age range of the study population was 16 - 61 years (mean age of 34.1 years). There was no case of lower genital tract invasive neoplasia. Out of the 142 cases, 56 women (39.4\%) had normal findings at colposcopy and 44 (31\%) were secondary to cervical ectopy. A total of 27 (19\%) had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) out of which there were 15 (10.6\%) cases of high-grade disease (CIN II and CIN III); and, 20 (74\%) out of the 27 women with CIN had a recently negative cervical smear (within the previous 36 months). Seven women (4.9\%) had benign cervical polyps that were removed during colposcopy. The frequency of finding invasive lower genital tract neoplasia in women with postcoital bleeding is low. However, a good proportion of them would have a diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia even with a recently negative cervical smear. Therefore, postcoital bleeding should remain an indication for referral to the colposcopy clinic for a detailed evaluation of the lower genital tract.
This article was published in J Obstet Gynaecol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy