Author(s): Stein T, Linke RD, Buckup J, Efe T, von EisenhartRothe R,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Reports of return to shoulder-dependent sport after surgical stabilization previously underestimated impairments, which were not reflected in the score systems used. HYPOTHESIS: Return to shoulder-dependent sport depends on the type of sport performed. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Forty-seven athletes (26.9 years of age at surgery) who underwent isolated arthroscopic Bankart repair were longitudinally monitored by shoulder-dependent sport-specific activity (Shoulder Sport Activity Score [SSAS]) and ability (Athletic Shoulder Outcome Scoring System [ASOSS]) scores and visual analog scales for reachieved proficiency level, sport-specific shoulder pain, and functional deficits. Data were assessed at 4 points of treatment: preoperatively, and postoperatively after 6, 16, and 32 months (P0-P3). Athletes were analyzed separately according to shoulder sport: noncollision/nonoverhead (G1), collision (G2), overhead (G3), and martial arts (G4). RESULTS: The G1 and G2 athletes had re-achieved the preinjury sport activity and sport proficiency status and excellent ASOSS scores after 32 months (SSAS(G1) = 7.2, SSAS(G2) = 8.1, ASOSS(G1) = 94.4, ASOSS(G2) = 95.2), whereas G3 and G4 athletes remained at an inferior activity level (SSAS(G3) = 8.0, SSAS(G4) = 8.3) and proficiency level. The ASOSS documented a prolonged period of shoulder rehabilitation for G3 and G4 athletes to reach a good shoulder-dependent sport ability outcome after 32 months (ASOSS(G3) = 89.0, ASOSS(G4) = 93.1). All groups recorded persisting limitations in visual analog scales for sport-specific shoulder function and pain. The established scores (Rowe = 95.9, Walch-Duplay = 93.3, Constant = 94.0) did not reflect these sport-specific impairments. Athletes with 5 or more preoperative dislocations had significantly longer surgery-to-sport resumption intervals with a prolonged proficiency recovery. CONCLUSION: The athletes' shoulder stabilization resulted in a prolonged rehabilitation depending on the functional demand of the performed shoulder-dependent sport, as shown by the specific shoulder sport score systems.
This article was published in Am J Sports Med
and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies