alexa Sialogogic activities of SNI-2011 compared with those of pilocarpine and McN-A-343 in rat salivary glands: identification of a potential therapeutic agent for treatment of Sjörgen's syndrome.



Author(s): Iwabuchi Y, Masuhara T

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Abstract 1. We examined the sialogogic activities in rat major salivary glands of SNI-2011, in comparison with those of pilocarpine and McN-A-343, and we characterized the subtypes of muscarine receptors that are involved in the sialogogic responses to SNI-2011 and McN-A-343. 2. SNI-2011 at doses ranging from 1 to 10 mg/kg (i.v.) increased the secretion of saliva in a dose-dependent manner. The dose-response curves for SNI-2011 were approximately parallel to curves for pilocarpine but the potency of SNI-2011 was about 25-fold lower than that of pilocarpine. 3. The total volume of saliva secreted in response to McN-A-343 was very much less than that secreted in response to SNI-2011. 4. The salivation induced by SNI-2011 and by McN-A-343 was inhibited by various antagonists with the following rank order of potency: 4-DAMP >> pirenzepine >> AF-DX 116. 5. Our results suggest that the sialogogic effects of SNI-2011 and McN-A-343 are mediated by direct stimulation of M3 receptors in salivary glands and that SNI-2011 may prove useful in the management of xerostomia in patients with Sjögren's syndrome.
This article was published in Gen Pharmacol and referenced in Dentistry

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