Author(s): Ando M, Tu W, Nishijima K, Iijima S
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Abstract We examined whether Siglec-9 modulates cytokine production in the macrophage cell line RAW264. Cells expressing Siglec-9 produced low levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha upon stimulation with lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycan, unmethylated CpG DNA, and double-stranded RNA. On the other hand, interleukin (IL)-10 production was strongly enhanced in Siglec-9-expressing cells. Similar activities were also exhibited by Siglec-5. However, the up-regulation of IL-10 as well as the down-regulation of TNF-alpha was abrogated when two tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic tail of Siglec-9 were mutated to phenylalanine. A membrane proximal ITIM mutant of Siglec-9 did not enhance IL-10 production but partly inhibited TNF-alpha production, indicating diverse regulation mechanisms of TNF-alpha and IL-10. Siglec-9 also enhanced the production of IL-10 in the human macrophage cell line THP-1. These results demonstrate that Siglec-9 enhances the production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in macrophages.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology