alexa Signal transduction mechanisms involved in angiotensin-(1-7)-stimulated arachidonic acid release and prostanoid synthesis in rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Muthalif MM, Benter IF, Uddin MR, Harper JL, Malik KU

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Abstract This study investigated the signal transduction mechanisms of angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]- and Ang II-stimulated arachidonic acid (AA) release for prostaglandin (PG) production in rabbit aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. Ang II and Ang-(1-7) enhanced AA release in cells prelabeled with [3H]AA. However, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha synthesis produced by Ang II was much less than that caused by Ang-(1-7). In the presence of the lipoxygenase inhibitor baicalein, Ang II enhanced production of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha to a greater degree than Ang-(1-7). Angiotensin type (AT)1 receptor antagonist DUP-753 inhibited only Ang II-induced [3H]AA release, whereas the AT2 receptor antagonist PD-123319 inhibited both Ang II- and Ang-(1-7)-induced [3H]AA release. Ang-(1-7), receptor antagonist D-Ala7-Ang-(1-7) inhibited the effect of Ang-(1-7), but not of Ang II. In cells transiently transfected with cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase or Ca(++)-/cal-modulin-dependent protein (CAM) kinase II antisense oligonucleotides, Ang-(1-7)- and Ang II-induced [3H]AA release was attenuated. The CaM kinase II inhibitor KN-93 and the MAP kinase kinase inhibitor PD-98059 attenuated both Ang-(1-7)- and Ang II-induced cPLA2 activity and [3H]AA release. Ang-(1-7) and Ang II also increased CaM kinase II and MAP kinase activities. Although KN-93 attenuated MAP kinase activity, PD-98059 did not affect CaM kinase II activity. Both Ang II and Ang-(1-7) caused translocation of cytosolic PLA2 to the nuclear envelope. These data show that Ang-(1-7) and Ang II stimulate AA release and prostacyclin synthesis via activation of distinct types of AT receptors. Both peptides appear to stimulate CaM kinase II, which in turn, via MAP kinase activation, enhances cPLA2 activity and release of AA for PG synthesis.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

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