Author(s): Uckun FM, Burkhardt AL, Jarvis L, Jun X, Stealey B, , Uckun FM, Burkhardt AL, Jarvis L, Jun X, Stealey B, , Uckun FM, Burkhardt AL, Jarvis L, Jun X, Stealey B, , Uckun FM, Burkhardt AL, Jarvis L, Jun X, Stealey B,
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Abstract We present evidence that the CD19 receptor is functionally operative and transmits pleiotropic signals throughout the pro-B, pre-pre-B, pre-B, early B, and mature B cell stages of human B-cell ontogeny. The signaling ability of CD19 does not depend on the existence of a functional B-cell antigen receptor complex (ARC). In B-cell precursors (BCP) lacking a functional ARC, CD19 is physically and functionally associated with Src family protein tyrosine kinases (PTK). The engagement of the CD19 receptor on BCP with a high affinity anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody (mAb) or its homoconjugate rapidly activates the associated PTK and results in tyrosine phosphorylation of CD19. Moreover, this proximal PTK activation step triggers downstream stimulation of several different intracellular messenger systems. Remarkably, CD19 becomes rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine residues upon engagement of several other surface receptors as well, suggesting that it may function as a common response element linked via tyrosine phosphorylation to multiple BCP/B-cell receptors and signaling pathways. Furthermore, in all B-lineage lymphoid cell populations, co-approximation of the receptors CD19 and CD72 (ligand for the CD5 T-cell receptor) generates a stronger signal than the engagement of either individual receptor. These convergent observations constitute a strong argument for an important regulatory function of CD19 in human BCP and prompt the hypothesis that the CD19 receptor may play an important role in cognate interactions between B- and T-lineage lymphoid compartments as well as the coordinate production of BCP at multiple stages of human B-cell ontogeny.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery