Author(s): Peng HP, Chan CS, Shih MC, Yang SF
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Abstract Expression of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (ADH) of Arabidopsis is induced during hypoxia. Because many plants increase their ethylene production in response to hypoxic stress, we examined in this report whether ethylene is involved in the hypoxic induction of ADH in Arabidopsis. We found that the hypoxic induction of ADH can be partially inhibited by aminooxy acetic acid, an inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis. This partial inhibition can be reversed by the addition of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, a direct precursor of ethylene. In addition, the hypoxic induction of the ADH gene is also reduced in etr1-1 and ein2-1, two ethylene insensitive mutants in ethylene-signaling pathways, whereas the addition of exogenous ethylene or an increase in cellular ethylene alone does not induce ADH under normoxic conditions. Kinetic analyses of ADH mRNA accumulation indicated that an ethylene signal is required for the induction of ADH during later stages of hypoxia. Therefore, we conclude that ethylene is needed, but not sufficient for, the induction of ADH in Arabidopsis during hypoxia.
This article was published in Plant Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals