Author(s): Kuno Y, Iyoda M, Shibata T, Hirai Y, Akizawa T
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Abstract BACKGROUND: It is well established that the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy is associated with abnormalities of renal nitric oxide (NO) generation. Many of the biological actions of NO are mediated by cGMP, which is rapidly degraded by phosphodiesterases. In this study, we evaluated the renoprotective effects of sildenafil (SIL), an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5, in type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS: Male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a non-insulin-dependent diabetes model, and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats, a non-diabetic control, were treated with either SIL (2.5 mg·kg(-1) in drinking water) or undosed water for 28 weeks, starting at 30 weeks of age. RESULTS: Sildenafil treatment significantly decreased albuminuria, attenuated glomerular hyperfiltration and resulted in a decrease in glomerular hypertrophy, in addition to a reduced glomerulosclerosis score and a dramatic decrease in the number of glomerular and tubulointerstitial proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive cells in OLETF rats. This was accompanied by a significant reduction in renal cortical mRNA levels of collagen types I and III. The increased mRNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 in the OLETF rats were significantly or partially attenuated by SIL treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that SIL attenuated diabetic nephropathy due to its potent antiproliferative effects and its regulatory effects on extracellular matrix. This latter effect is thought to be a result of its ability to affect the balance between MMPs and their inhibitors. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology