alexa Silencing of p16 CDKN2 expression in human gliomas by methylation and chromatin condensation.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Costello JF, Berger MS, Huang HS, Cavenee WK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The product of the p16/CDKN2 locus, p16ink4, negatively regulates the cell cycle through binding and inactivation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 4 and 6. This locus is frequently targeted for deletion in cell lines and primary tumor tissues. In gliomas, although up to 50\% do not have detectable expression of p16/CDKN2 protein or mRNA, often the gene is wild type in sequence. Here, we tested the hypothesis that transcriptional repression of p16/CDKN2 in gliomas may be mediated by aberrant methylation of the CpG island, which is in the 5' region of the locus. Partial rather than complete p16/CDKN2 methylation was detected in 24\% (10 of 42) of the gliomas, regardless of tumor grade, but was not observed in normal brain (0 of 10). We tested whether this partial methylation could inhibit expression in a human tumor cell line in which suppressed p16/CDKN2 expression was associated with both methylation and tightly compacted chromatin around the p16/CDKN2 promoter. Exposure of these cells to 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine resulted in a dramatic increase in promoter accessibility and induction of p16/CDKN2 expression, indicating that chromatin structure, CpG island methylation, and p16/CDKN2 expression are intimately associated. Taken together, these data suggest that methylation occurs in only a subset of cells within gliomas and that the methylation-associated inactivation of p16/CDKN2 expression observed in many common human cancers may mechanistically result from structural changes in the chromatin containing the p16/CDKN2 locus.
This article was published in Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd World Congress on Molecular Genetics and Gene Therapy
    July 03-05, 2017 Thailand, Bangkok
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version