Author(s): Hatano K, Wakai Y, Watanabe Y, Mine Y
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Abstract A mathematical multiple dosing model was designed so that human plasma concentration-versus-time curves of beta-lactams are reproduced in mouse plasma. The pharmacokinetic parameters of FK037, a new injective cephalosporin, in volunteers and in the mice model were 6,966 and 6,894 ml, respectively, for Vc, 2.592 and 2.698/h for alpha, 0.2875 and 0.3027/h for beta, and 0.9079 and 1.0506 for K21. Therefore, real pharmacokinetics of humans were reproduced in mice by this method. The 8-hour therapeutic efficacy (the decrease of the viable counts in the lung) against pneumonia with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mice was well correlated with the time above MIC value, but not with AUC, Cmax or AUC above MIC. These results indicate that this model was valuable to evaluate the beta-lactam antibiotics for predicting their clinical efficacy and that the time above MIC is an important factor in selecting beta-lactam agents and determining dosage in pulmonary infection.
This article was published in Chemotherapy
and referenced in Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety