Author(s): Zhou P, Hu R, Chandan V, Kuolee R, Liu X,
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Abstract Cardiolipin (CL) is an anionic tetraacylphospholipid found in mammalian tissues, inner membrane of mitochondria and in the cytoplasmic membrane of Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Lipid A is the principal structural component responsible for the range of biological activities of lipopolysaccharides. Here we report a MALDI-MS-based method for the sensitive simultaneous analysis of CL and lipid A from Helicobacter pylori cells. The sensitivity was demonstrated by the analysis of CL and lipid A from a single bacterial colony of in vitro grown H. pylori strain NCTC 11637 (ATCC 43504). We then characterized the CL and lipid A structures in H. pylori cells grown under three different conditions, on agar-horse blood plates, in liquid culture and ex vivo. The results revealed the presence of high amounts of myristic (C14:0) and 19-carbon cyclopropane (C19:0cyc) fatty acids. Alterations in CL structure were observed in H. pylori cells cultivated on plates as compared with the bacteria grown in broth culture. Furthermore, significant changes in lipid A acylation pattern were detected in H. pylori cells during formation of coccoids. In contrast, structural analysis of CL from ex vivo H. pylori cells recovered from the stomachs of infected Mongolian gerbils demonstrated only minor changes in acyl chain combination. This is the first report of simultaneous analysis of CL and lipid A from ex vivo cells of H. pylori.
This article was published in Mol Biosyst
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology