alexa Simultaneous analysis of chlorophenols, alkylphenols, nitrophenols and cresols in wastewater effluents, using solid phase extraction and further determination by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): PadillaSnchez JA, PlazaBolaos P, RomeroGonzlez R, BarcoBonilla N, MartnezVidal JL,

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Abstract An analytical methodology has been developed for the simultaneous extraction of 13 phenolic compounds, including chlorophenols (CPs), nitrophenols (NTPs), cresols and alkylphenols (APs) in different types of wastewater (WW) effluents. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) method has been optimized prior to the determination by gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (GC-QqQ-MS/MS). Due to the complexity of the matrix, a comparison study of matrix-matched-calibration (MMC) and standard addition calibration (SAC) was carried out for quantification purposes. The optimized procedure was validated using the SAC approach since it provided the most adequate quantification results (in terms of recovery and precision values). Recoveries were in the range 60-135\% (0.5 μg L(-1)), 70-115\% (1 μg L(-1)), and 78-120\% (5 μg L(-1)), with precision values (expressed as relative standard deviation, RSD) ≤ 30\% (except for 2-nitrophenol) involving intra-day and inter-day precision studies. Limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) were also evaluated, and LOQs ranged from 0.03 μg L(-1) to 2.5 μg L(-1). The proposed method was applied to the analysis of 8 real WW effluent samples, finding some phenolic compounds (e.g. 2-chlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol and 4-tert-octylphenol) at concentrations higher than the established LOQs. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Talanta and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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