Author(s): Georgita C, Albu F, David V, Medvedovici A
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Abstract Separation of metformin and glibenclamide was achieved within a single chromatographic run on a Zorbax CN column, under isocratic conditions, using acetonitrile and aqueous component (0.01 moles/L ammonium acetate adjusted at pH 3.5 with acetic acid) in volumetric ratio 1/1. Plasma sample preparation is based on protein precipitation by means of organic solvent addition. 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-triamine (IS1) was used as internal standard for metformin, while gliquidone (IS2) played the same role for glibenclamide. Detection was performed with an ion trap mass analyzer, using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI). A single MS stage was used for detection of metformin and IS1, by extracting ion chromatograms corresponding to molecular ions. MS/MS detection in the SRM mode was used for glibenclamide (m/z transition from 494 to 369 Da) and IS2 (m/z transition from 528 to 403 Da). The method produces linear responses up to 2000 ng/mL for metformin and 400 ng/mL for glibenclamide, respectively. Low limits of quantification were found in the 40 ng/mL range for metformin and at the 4 ng/mL level for glibenclamide. Precision was characterized by relative standard deviations (RSD\%) below 9\%. The analytical method was successfully applied to a single dose, open-label, randomized, two-period, two-sequence, crossover bioequivalence study of two commercially available anti-diabetic combinations containing 400 mg metformin and 2.5 mg of glibenclamide per coated tablet.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology