alexa Simultaneous determination of seven penicillins in muscle, liver and kidney tissues from cattle and pigs by a multiresidue high-performance liquid chromatographic method.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Srensen LK, Snor LK, Elkaer T, Hansen H

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Abstract A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method based on solid-phase extraction (SPE) was developed for determination of amoxicillin, penicillin G (benzylpenicillin), ampicillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin, nafcillin and dicloxacillin in muscle, liver and kidney tissues of pigs and cattle. The compounds were extracted in aqueous solution by precipitation of organic materials with a mixture of sulphuric acid and sodium tungstate. The extract was cleaned up by SPE on a divinylbenzene-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone polymeric sorbent. Further clean-up was performed by liquid-liquid partition with diethyl ether. The extract was derivatised with benzoic anhydride and 1,2,4-triazole mercury (II) reagent. Chromatography was performed by reversed-phase gradient HPLC on a C18 column with ultraviolet detection at 323 nm. The limits of detection estimated by a conservative model were in the range 8.9-11.1 microg/kg for amoxicillin, penicillin G, ampicillin, oxacillin, cloxacillin and nafcillin and 18.3-20.9 microg/kg for dicloxacillin. The mean recovery range was 66-77\% for amoxicillin, 73-75\% for penicillin G, 81-82\% for ampicillin, 73-76\% for oxacillin, 74-75\% for cloxacillin, 66-72\% for nafcillin and 58-65\% for dicloxacillin.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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