Author(s): Lang JK, Gohil K, Packer L
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Abstract A fast single-step lipid extraction procedure and high-performance liquid chromatography with in-line uv and electrochemical detection are used for the simultaneous quantitative determination of tocopherols, ubiquinols, and ubiquinones in blood, plasma, tissue homogenates, and subcellular fractions. The compounds of interest can be quantitatively extracted into hexane from a sodium dodecyl sulfate-treated aqueous homogenate after precipitation of protein by addition of an equal volume of ethanol. alpha-, gamma-, and delta-Tocopherol, ubiquinol 9, ubiquinol 10, and ubiquinones 9 and 10 can be well separated on a reversed phase column. Ubiquinones are detected at 275 nm by the uv detector, and ubiquinols and tocopherols by the electrochemical detector in the oxidative mode. Quantitation is done by comparing chromatographic peak heights to those of a standard solution containing known amounts of tocopherols, ubiquinols 9 and 10, and ubiquinones 9 and 10, analyzed under identical conditions. The high sensitivity of the electrochemical detection allows operation at low potentials (+0.5 V) with low detector response, but high selectivity for the easily oxidizable tocopherols and ubiquinols and decreased baseline noise. The uv detection limits the overall sensitivity of the procedure to 2 pmol ubiquinone, corresponding to 0.1 microM ubiquinone in the lipid extract. The ranges of values obtained for rat and guinea pig tissues, for rat liver mitochondria, and for blood and plasma from rats and humans are given.
This article was published in Anal Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics