Author(s): Mohan D, Singh KP
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Abstract The use of low-cost activated carbon derived from bagasse, an agricultural waste material, has been investigated as a replacement for the current expensive methods of removing heavy metals from wastewater. With a view to find a suitable application of the material, activated carbon has been derived, characterized and utilized for the removal of cadmium and zinc. The uptake of cadmium was found to be slightly greater than that of zinc and the sorption capacity increases with increase in temperature. The adsorption studies were carried out both in single- and multi-component systems. Adsorption data on derived carbon follows both the Freundlich and Langmuir models. The data are better fitted by the Freundlich isotherm as compared to Langmuir in both the single- and multi-component systems. Isotherms have been used to obtain the thermodynamic parameters. The kinetics of adsorption depends on the adsorbate concentration and the physical and chemical characteristics of the adsorbent. Studies were conducted to delineate the effect of temperature, initial adsorbate concentration, particle size of the adsorbent and solid-to-liquid ratio. On the basis of these studies, various parameters such as mass transfer coefficient, effective diffusion coefficient, activation energy and entropy of activation were evaluated to establish the mechanisms. It was concluded that the adsorption occurs through a film diffusion mechanism at low as well as at higher concentrations.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research