Author(s): Walenkamp MJ, Wit JM
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Abstract The growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-I (GH-IGF-I) axis plays a key role in intra-uterine growth and development. This review will describe the consequences of genetic defects in various components of the GH-IGF-I axis on intra-uterine growth and development. Animal knockout experiments have provided evidence for the GH-independent secretion of IGF-I and its effect in utero. Reports of patients with a deletion or mutation of the IGF-I and IGF1R genes have provided insight into the role of intra-uterine IGF-I in the human. Homozygous defects of the IGF-I gene have dramatic effects on intra-uterine growth and development, whereas heterozygous defects of the IGF1R gene have a more variable clinical presentation. The phenotype in relation to the genotype of the different disorders will be reviewed in this chapter.
This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology