alexa Single-pixel optical fluctuation analysis of calcium channel function in active zones of motor nerve terminals


Chemotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Luo F, Dittrich M, Stiles JR, Meriney SD

Abstract Share this page

We used high-resolution fluorescence imaging and single-pixel optical fluctuation analysis to estimate the opening probability of individual voltage-gated calcium (Ca(2+)) channels during an action potential and the number of such Ca(2+) channels within active zones of frog neuromuscular junctions. Analysis revealed ∼36 Ca(2+) channels within each active zone, similar to the number of docked synaptic vesicles but far less than the total number of transmembrane particles reported based on freeze-fracture analysis (∼200-250). The probability that each channel opened during an action potential was only ∼0.2. These results suggest why each active zone averages only one quantal release event during every other action potential, despite a substantial number of docked vesicles. With sparse Ca(2+) channels and low opening probability, triggering of fusion for each vesicle is primarily controlled by Ca(2+) influx through individual Ca(2+) channels. In contrast, the entire synapse is highly reliable because it contains hundreds of active zones.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in J Neurosci and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version